The complete removal of a tooth, from crown to root, is called a tooth extraction. It is carried out by a trained dentist in a dental practice, with the patient under local anesthesia. This allows us to numb the oral tissues, such as the tooth, surrounding gums, and underlying jawbone, keeping you from enduring pain and discomfort.
When would an extraction be necessary?
A dental extraction would be required during the following circumstances:
- Impacted wisdom tooth:An impacted wisdom tooth is one that gets stuck in the socket while erupting. Although the exact cause of an impacted tooth is difficult to determine, the best way to treat it is by entirely removing the tooth.
- Damaged teeth: Teeth that have sustained damage, such as cracks, chipping, or fractures, can lead to severe pain and discomfort. Also, the chances of dental pulp getting infected are high. We will try to restore the damaged tooth using restorations like crowns, veneers, or composite bonding. However, if the extent of damage is severe, we may have no choice but to extract the tooth.
- Cavities: Cavities are caused due to the erosion of the enamel by the microbes in the mouth. When the cavity is left untreated for a long time without being restored, it could grow deeper and wider, ultimately reaching the root canal cavity. Fillings and suitable medication will be considered to restore the tooth. But, if the tooth is too weak and damaged to be restored, we may have to remove it completely.
- Orthodontic treatment: Before getting dental braces or Invisalign, your dentist would discuss with you about removing teeth from either side of the jaw. This allows the teeth to move to their ideal positions.
How is an extraction carried out?
We will thoroughly screen the teeth to understand the severity of the condition. Your candidacy for the extraction will be determined from the observations made. We will administer local anesthesia near the tooth to be extracted, which helps to numb it and the surrounding tissues. Once the sedative takes effect, we will grip the tooth using forceps. It will be shaken to loosen it from the socket, after which we will extract it in one firm motion. In case the extraction is complicated, such as an impacted tooth, we may have to section the tooth into smaller fragments and remove them carefully.
After the extraction is completed, a clean piece of gauze will be placed near the extraction site. This will reduce bleeding and facilitate the formation of a clot. Suitable medication will be prescribed to enable optimum healing of the wound.
Please get in touch with us through online consultation or by calling us at (408) 730-2475, and we’ll guide you further.