Removing the plaque and tartar deposits from the teeth surfaces is one of the most crucial preventive measures suggested by dentists. Oral cleaning significantly reduces the chances of preventing cavities and gum diseases, as the microbes in tartar deposits are known to be the leading cause of these oral conditions. Dentists recommend getting oral cleaning done at least once in six months when you visit them for a routine consultation.
Importance of teeth cleaning.
Despite regular brushing and flossing of the teeth, a lot of microbes could get deposited on the teeth as the day progresses, especially on the occlusal grooves and at the intersection of two teeth. Over time, they go on to form tartar deposits, which would be filled with harmful microbes releasing toxins when they feed on the food residues in the mouth. These toxins can erode the enamel to form cavities or even affect the soft gum tissues to cause gum diseases like gingivitis or periodontitis. Hence, getting rid of them at regular intervals is crucial in ensuring optimal oral hygiene.
What do teeth cleaning involve?
Teeth cleaning involves two main procedures, namely scaling and root planing.
- Scaling:It is the process of using an ultrasonic scaling device to remove the tartar deposits from the teeth surfaces. The device has a metal tip that vibrates at ultrasonic frequencies, producing strong vibrations that dislodge the tartar. A jet of water washes off these residues and leaves behind clean, white teeth.
- Root planing: Root planing is the process of removing the tartar deposits from the tooth roots. The dentist will insert the scaling tip between the tooth root and gum tissues and scrape off the microbial deposits. We may administer local anesthesia before commencing the procedure to numb the tissues and avoid pain. Also, the tooth roots' irregular surfaces will be smoothened to prevent the deposition of microbes in them.
It is advisable to maintain optimum oral hygiene by brushing and flossing the teeth to remove most of the microbes from the mouth. A fluoride-rich toothpaste helps to keep the teeth strong and increases their immunity to cavities. A medium-soft bristled toothbrush would be ideal for removing the microbes and food debris from the teeth without harming the soft gum tissues.
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